The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and What to Do About It

Now, I'm not sure if Gerber coined the exhortation, "Work ON your business more than you work IN your business," but he certainly seems responsible for its ubiquity.  He finds the McDonald's franchise business model with its obsessive focus on a standardized process for every aspect of a McDonald's restaurant to be the highest aim of any small business, whether the business actually franchises or not.

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The Four Tendencies

The book describes the culmination of work from years of Gretchen Rubin's efforts to understand a profound question, "How do I respond to expectations?" She discovered through upwards of 1 million personality survey responses that people tend to fit into one of four Tendencies: Upholder, Obliger, Questioner, and Rebel.

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Principles: Life and Work

Most books have one big idea, then fill up space elaborating on that idea. Principles is the opposite  - the collected wisdom and big ideas of maverick hedge fund investor, Ray Dalio. Each of his principles are distilled from hard-won painful lessons through his career.  His systems of radical transparency and idea meritocracy as refined through his 40 years leading Bridgewater are very compelling for any organization that seeks to consistently grow and adapt over the long haul.

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The Ten Faces of Innovation

“The Devil’s Advocate persona may be the biggest innovation killer in America today," Tom Kelly asserts in Ten Faces of Innovation. "It encourages idea wreckers to assume the most negative possible perspective, one that sees only downsides, problems, disasters-in-waiting.  By invoking the protective power of ‘Let me just play Devil’s Advocate for a minute…’, the speaker is now entirely free to take potshots at the idea with complete immunity. Essentially saying, ‘The Devil made me do it.’"

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Originals: How Non-Conformists Move the World

Originals explores how innovators see the world differently and bring others into their success.  It is not the high school valedictorians who go on to change the world, Grant argues, since their very success signals that they have perfected following and benefiting from the existing system.  By contrast, it is the highly creative children that teachers tend to discriminate against, labeling them as troublemakers.

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The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy

The Fourth Turning, ultimately, is about the present-day time of Crisis, which is a time of focus, struggle, and sacrifice.  External threats, which previously might have been ignored, not become an exaggerated crisis.  Laws and customs, once locked in place, get swept away.  The demand for order is at an all-time high while the supply of order is at an all-time low. 

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